Ancient Egyptian embalming process. A Historical artwork of ancient Egyptians removing abdominal organs and gut before embalming. After death the ancient Egyptians would immerse the body in bicarbonate of soda, inject the arteries with balsams, and remove the contents of the torso (as seen here) and replace them with bituminous and aromatic substances.
Finally the body was wrapped in cloths (as seen here). When a king was mummified a death mask (center left) made of gold and lapis lazuli was also made and placed on the mummy’s head. The process was done to preserve the body. This kept a person’s life-force (known as Ka) intact according to the ancient Egyptian belief.
The ancient Egyptians believed that mummification would guarantee that the soul of the buried person would enter the afterlife. Science Photo Library