Roman

First Full-Color Portraits of Egyptian Mummies

First Full-Color Portraits of Egyptian Mummies

Archaeologists have unearthed the first full-color portraits of Egyptian mummies in more than a century. The excavation at Gerzeh archaeological site in Faiyum revealed a huge funerary building, also turned up papyri, pottery, and coffins from the Ptolemaic and Roman periods Egyptian archaeologists completing their 10th season of excavations at Gerzeh, 75 miles southwest of...

Mummy Mask of a Man

Mummy Mask of a Man

This mask would have covered the head of the mummy of a an Egyptian man. It is highly decorated with images of protective amulets and gods to aid in the journey towards becoming a glorified spirit in the afterlife. Over the head spread the wings of a vulture while a winged sun disc, symbol of...

Statue of a sleeping child

Statue of a sleeping child

Marble statue portraying a sleeping boy sitting on a rock. He is wearing a Roman tunic with a conical head cover. His sandals are finely carved. Comparing this statue with another similar one displayed in the National Roman Museum where the boy is holding a lantern in his right hand, however the lantern here is...

Statue of Harpocrates

Statue of Harpocrates

Harpocrates was adapted by the Greeks from the Egyptian child god Horus, who represented the newborn sun, rising each day at dawn. Harpocrates meaning “Horus the Child”, was the god of silence, secrets and confidentiality in the Hellenistic religion developed in Ptolemaic Alexandria. From Sidi Bishr, Alexandria. Graeco-Roman, Roman Period, 2nd century AD. Now in...

Gold snake armlet

Gold snake armlet

This type of bracelet takes the form of a spiral and ends in a snake’s head. They were worn on the upper arm and are properly called armlets. Roman jewellery borrowed heavily from Hellenistic goldwork. This particular type was common in Hellenistic times, especially in Egypt where these particular armlets might have been made. Snakes...

Grasshopper Amulet

Amulet of a grasshopper made of lapis lazuli, length: 4.8 cm. Dates to the Roman Period, ca. 30 BC-476 AD. Private Collection. In ancient Egypt, lapis lazuli was a favorite stone for amulets and ornaments such as scarabs. Afghanistan was the source of lapis for the ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations, as well as the later...

Anubis and Osiris with the Deceased

Funeral Shroud of Anubis and Osiris

Funeral shroud depicts Anubis and Osiris with the deceased, from 2nd Century CE Roman Egypt. Greco-Roman mummy cases and shrouds were often painted with images reflecting pharaonic religious beliefs about the hereafter but adapted to suit the prevailing Greco-Roman style.  Egyptian divinities of the afterlife feature prominently, and include some or all of the following:...

Osiris Canopus Jar

Osiris Canopic Jar

A Canopic jar with the head of Osiris emerging from it. In the cult of Isis and Serapis, during the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. Osiris Canopus jars (also known Osiris-Hydreios) were carried by priests during processions. As they are solid, each symbolically carried water from the Nile, fertility that originated from the god Osiris, one...

Head of Emperor Severus Alexander

Head of Emperor Severus Alexander

This Roman-style sculpted head is a portrait of Emperor Marcus Aurelius Alexander Severus. He has a short beard and short hair that is carved in vertical lines. He has inset eyes and a fleshy mouth. The neck on this statue is most likely not the original one. The statue is polished except for the hair....