Head of King Khufu

Colossal head possibly of King Khufu, who became Egypt’s best known pyramid builder, responsible for the Great Pyramid at Giza. Granite is extremely hard, but the sculptor of this statue was able to give the …

Tablet of Seven Oils

During royal funerals, it was a rule to include in the offerings a complete set of the seven ritual oils. They were meant to be a testimony to the sacralization acts performed when the deceased …

Smelting of Gold

Relief depicts metalworkers employed in the manufacture of jewelry, smelting gold by blowing into a furnace. Detail of a wall carving in the Mastaba of Mereruka. Old Kingdom, 6th Dynasty, ca. 2345-2181 BC. Saqqara Necropolis.

Sculptors Working on Statues

Bas-relief depicts sculptors working on statues, detail of a wall carving from the joint Mastaba of Khnumhotep and Niankhkhnum, an ancient Egyptian royal servants. They shared the title of Overseer of the Manicurists in the Palace …

The Seated Scribe

The Seated Scribe

The Louvre’s scribe, known as the “Seated Scribe”, is indeed sitting cross-legged, his right leg crossed in front of his left. The white kilt, stretched over his knees, serves as a support. He is holding …

Interior of the Tomb of Meresankh III

Queen Meresankh III was the daughter of Hetepheres II and prince Kawab and a granddaughter of king Khufu. She was the wife of king Khafra. Her tomb was discovered by archaeologist George Reisner on April …

Inside the burial chamber in the Pyramid of Unas decorated with Pyramid Texts, mid-24th century BC, Saqqara.

Inside the burial chamber in the Pyramid of Unas

The sarcophagus chamber in the Pyramid of Unas; some of the Pyramid Texts can be seen written on the gable. The Pyramid Texts are the oldest religious writings known to exist. They were first recorded …

Discovery of the Tomb of Akhethotep, 1941

Akhethotep’s titles included that of a vizier, overlord of the 5th Dynasty around 2400 BC, making him to the highest official at the royal court, only second to the king. He was also overseer of …

Bracelet Box of Queen Hetepheres I

Bracelet Box of Queen Hetepheres I

The internal and external surfaces of this small box, or casket, were covered with gold leaf. The lid of the box is attached to the back by hinges and it is opened by means of …

Armchair of Queen Hetepheres I

The seat and the backrest of this chair are made of natural wood. They are surrounded by a simple wooden frame covered with gold leaf with high arms in gilded wood. The backrest of the …