Silver Ring of King Ramesses IV

Silver Ring of King Ramesses IV

All three of these rings probably belonged to nobility or other private persons, not to royalty, The small bronze signet ring has the prenomen, or throne name, of Ramesses II. The scarab ring lacks his …

The God Nun Raises the Sun

The God Nun Raises the Sun

Nun, god of the primeval waters, origin of all life and chaos, lifts the barque of the sun god Re (represented by both the scarab and the sun disk) into the sky at the beginning …

Mummy of King Ramesses IV

Mummy of King Ramesses IV

King Ramesses IV was the eldest son of King Ramesses III. He succeeded his father after having saved the throne from his father’s murders and punished the conspirators but he is considered to have been …

Votive Ram’s Head

Votive Ram’s Head of Penta-weret

This splendid bust of a ram with curving horns and stylized mane is placed on an inscribed pedestal. The top of the pedestal is marked by a cavetto cornice and a torus molding. The front …

Illustrated Book of Gates

Illustrated Book of Gates, Tomb of Ramesses IV

In the upper register are two bodies of water, probably versions of the Lake of Fire, guarded by cobras and jackal-headed humans. In the central register is the snake of time Hiririet in a pit, …

Figured Ostracon

Figured Ostracon

Sketch of a common crane, a vulture, and a hound possibly basenji. This probably a series of trial sketches, not an integrated composition, and the subjects were sketched independently. Ostraca (limestone blocks) were often used …

Dispute Over a Hut

Dispute Over a Hut

Fragmentary limestone ostracon with a hieratic inscription recording the resolution of a dispute over a hut inherited by the workman Wennofer. The inscription is unusual in being incised and filled with blue frit, a technique …

Ostracon of Ramesses III Crushing an Enemy

Ostracon of Ramesses III Crushing an Enemy

One of the most typical royal scenes is reproduced on this ostracon. The king in the act of crushing the defeated enemy. The scene was widely used on pylons and external walls of temples. On …

Ostracon of a Prayer

Ostracon of a Prayer

This ostracon is depicting a scribe in the act of praying, drawing on a piece of limestone. The ancient Egyptians drew on ostraca for a variety of reasons; for example, while planning work on tombs …