Statues of Amun and Mut

Statues of Amun and Mut. Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 99064

These statues have undergone extensive restoration work composed of 79 pieces; the head of the goddess was originally excavated by Auguste Mariette at Karnak in 1873, with further parts being found over the course of many years in subsequent excavations in the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak and sent to the Egyptian Museum, where they were reassembled. They present the gods Amun and Mut, seated on large thrones. Mt places her right hand on her knee, and the other on her husband. She wears a tight dress, beautifully decorated with two straps over her shoulders.

The god Amun can be seen with his right hand on his knee, and his left hand holding the Ankh key, symbol of life. His throne is decorated on both sides with the symbols of the unification of the Two Lands, the sema-tawy. The throne is inscribed with the names of the gods, and, beside Amun, we can see his name and title: Amun-Re, Lord of the Thrones of the Two Lands, who lives in Karnak. Beside Mut, we can see the title Lady of Isheru, which is a site in Karnak. The base of the statue is inscribed for King Horemheb, who is described as beloved of Mut and Amun.

The sculpture was destroyed in the Middle Ages by stone robbers, who have quarried away blocks from the statue’s back slab and base, and hollowed a basin in the back of the throne.

New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, ca. 1550-1292 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 99064

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