Sphinx of Thutmose III

Granodiorite statue of Thutmose III depicted as a sphinx. The sphinx depicts the king reclining on the Nine bows, which represent the traditional enemies of Egypt brought to submission.

The sculpture once stood in the Karnak Temple Complex near Thebes. However, it was discovered in 1903 buried with thousands of statues, stelae, amulets, inlay plaques, votive cubits, and other artifacts in the north court of the seventh pylon of the Great Temple of Amun at Karnak. This is now known as the ‘courtyard of the cachette.’

Sphinx of King Thutmose III
Sphinx of King Thutmose III. Photo: Dallet-Alba

Scholars believe that the hoard was ritually buried by temple priests during the Ptolemaic Period to relieve the crowding of statues and private offerings that have accumulated over the centuries. Most of the objects found date from the New Kingdom through the Ptolemaic Period, although some objects from the Old and Middle Kingdoms were also unearthed.

In Egyptian art, the sphinx statue dates back to 4th Dynasty of the Old Kingdom, more than a thousand years before the time of Thutmose III. The most famous example is the Great Sphinx at Giza which represents Khafre who also built the second pyramid in about 2500 BC. The earliest sphinx statue in the Museum’s collections represents the Middle Kingdom king Amenemhat III who ruled about 1860 BC.

New Kingdom, mid 18th Dynasty, reign of Thutmose III, ca. 1479-1425 BC. From Courtyard of the Cachette at Temple of Amun-Re, Karnak. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 37981; CG 42069