Ancient Egypt Art culture and history

Two-finger amulet

Two finger Amulet

This two finger amulet depicts stylized human fingers that are about life-size. Two-finger amulets were used exclusively for the dead and were often found on the lower left of the torso. This is the area of the incision that was made during the mummification process in order to remove the internal organs. These amulets were...

The Mummification Process

The Mummification Process

Mummification is the process of preserving the body after death by deliberately drying or embalming flesh. This typically involved removing moisture from a deceased body and using chemicals or natural preservatives, such as resin, to desiccate the flesh and organs. Ancient Egyptians loved life and believed in immortality. This motivated them to make early plans...

Statue of the dwarf Perniankhu

Statue of the dwarf Perniankhu

The dwarf Perniankhu is wearing a traditional, curled wig; his face is strong and displays a quiet serenity, strength and power. His eyes are framed in black and the eyebrows are well-defined. The right hand is placed upon his right thigh and holds the sekhem-scepter, his left hand, across his chest, holds a long staff....

Tutankhamun's Triple Lamp with Lotus Shapes

Tutankhamun Triple Lamp with Lotus Shapes

This elegant triple lamp of King Tutankhamun is delicately carved, incised, and polished from one block of alabaster. The central cup is shaped like a lotus chalice, rising on a long stem, and is flanked by two smaller bud-like cups on sinuous stems, each with a leaf spreading out horizontally, as if they were floating...

Libation Stand of King Amenemope

Libation Stand of King Amenemope

Libation stand used to receive water offerings to the dead or the gods. The text includes the name of the king Amenemope, and the words this fresh libation which has come forth from Elephantine and which emerges in the region of Heliopolis. referring to the annual flood of the Nile. Third Intermediate Period, 21st Dynasty,...

Pectoral of Sithathoriunet

Pectoral and Necklace of Princess Sithathoriunet

The pectoral of of Sithathoriunet is composed around the throne name of King Senusret II. It was found among the jewelry of Princess Sithathoriunet in a special niche of her underground tomb beside the pyramid of Senusret II at Lahun. Hieroglyphic signs make up the design, and the whole may be read: “The god of...

Gold Mummy Mask of General Wendjebauendjed

Mummy Mask of Wendjebauendjed

This funerary gold mask originally covered the face of the mummy of Wendjebauendjed, an army general of Psusennes I. Colored glass paste forms the eyes and eyebrows. The general’s face is idealized and detailed, with a slight smile. The mask covered the face, neck, and ears. It ended at the forehead where six small-perforated tongues...

Ram-headed Falcon Pendant

Ram-headed Falcon Pendant

Pendant in the shape of a ram-headed falcon (gold, lapis-lazuli, turquoise and carnelian), found on the mummy of an Apis bull in the Serapeum of Memphis at Saqqara. New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, reign of Ramesses II, ca. 1279-1213 BC. Now in the Louvre. E 80

Base and lid of an anthropoid outer coffin of Seshepenmehyt

Anthropoid outer coffin of Seshepenmehyt

The outer coffin of Seshepenmehyt is made of sycamore fig wood, with elaborate polychrome painted decoration. A winged solar disc covers the right breast, and below, a narrow scene showing the weighing of the deceased’s heart (at right). At the level of the knees, Anubis is represented mummifying the deceased as she lies on a...

Fish amulet

Fish amulet

This fish amulet is made from gold with a green feldspar inlay. The amulet is open on both sides. The central cloisonné, to which are attached fins and tail, is roughly made from a strip of sheet metal curved around to make an oval shape. The inlay is a piece of feldspar which has been...