The scene depicts a ceremony in which captives and plunder are presented to King Narmer or Menes, who is enthroned beneath a canopy on a stepped platform. He wears the Red Crown of Lower Egypt, holds a flail, and is wrapped in a long cloak. To the left, Narmer’s name is written inside a representation of the palace facade (the serekh) surmounted by a falcon. At the bottom is a record of animal and human plunder; 400,000 cattle, 1,422,000 goats, and 120,000 captives. Details in this scene can be connected with royal festivals that were performed in order to renew the vitality of the king.
The Narmer macehead is an ancient Egyptian decorative stone mace head. It was found in the “main deposit” in the temple area of the ancient Egyptian city of Nekhen (Hierakonpolis) by British Egyptologist James Quibell in 1898.
Late Predynastic – Early Dynastic, about 3000 BC. Now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. AN1896-1908.E.3631