Ka Statue of King Hor Awibre
The wooden Ka statue was excavated in 1894 in the tomb of king Hor Awibre or Hor I that was found by a team of excavators under the direction of Jacques de Morgan. The tomb is located north of the pyramid complex of Amenemhat III at Dahshur.
Ka statues were usually carved from wood or stone and sometimes painted in the likeness of the owner to reinforce the spiritual connection and preserve the person’s memory for eternity. Many ka statues were placed in a purpose-built mortuary chapel or niche, which could be covered with appropriate inscriptions. Like most ancient Egyptian statuary, Ka statues display a rigid frontalism in which the body faces squarely forward in a formal way.
The wooden structure is a magnificent, well-preserved masterpiece. It depicts the Ka statue of King Hor I (Awibre), which is clearly marked by the Ka hieroglyphic sign as two upraised arms topping the head. The Ka, or guardian spirit, had to survive in the statue to keep its owner alive. The statue, found within its accompanying naos, or shrine, was covered with a fine layer of painted stucco. The king is sculpted wearing a three-part long wig, leaving the ears exposed. He wears a long, curved divine beard.
Ka Statue Purpose
A ka statue is a type of ancient Egyptian statue intended to provide a resting place for the ka, or spirit, of the person after death. The ancient Egyptians believed the ka (or life-force), along with the physical body, the name, the ba (personality or soul), and the šwt (shadow), made up the five aspects of a person. Ancient Egyptians believed that they have several types of souls or spirits. The Ka was the most important one and the statue evidently shows the king as his Ka.
The statue proper is 135 cm high. With base and ka sign on the head, it is 170 cm high. The statue is made of wood, that was once covered with a thin layer of stucco that is gone today. The king is shown naked but there are traces on the wood, belonging to a belt. The statue might once have been adorned with a kilt. Around the neck the king bears a broad collar.
The statue once was holding a staff and a scepter. On the head he bears today a ka sign. That was found next to the statue within a naos. The statue was found in the king’s tomb within a wooden naos that was lying on the back side. The statue there also on the back. The wooden naos was once partly adorned with gold foil and hieroglyphic inscriptions presenting the king’s names, but these are today lost.
Middle Kingdom, 13th Dynasty, ca. 1777-1775 BC. From the tomb of king Hor Awibre. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 30948