This small head, full of wonderful details, portrays Queen Tiye, one of the most powerful women in ancient Egypt. She was the wife of Amenhotep III and mother of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten). The queen’s facial features follow the stylistic canons of the reign of Amenhotep III in the almond-shaped eyes, the arching eyebrows, and the thin nose.
Her down-turned mouth with fleshy lips is a typical detail of the portrait of the queen, making her image unique and unmistakable. The queen wears a wig of tight curls leaving her ears uncovered. There is a two-winged uraeus (rearing cobras) protecting her name flanking the diadem of the head. The head was found in the temple of Hathor, protective goddess of the turquoise mountain at Serabit el-Khadim in Sinai.
New Kingdom, late 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1391-1353 BC. Steatite, height: 7.5 cm. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 38257