Golden Uraeus of Senusret II

This uraeus was discovered by Flinders Petrie in 1920 during his excavations around the Pyramid of Senusret II at Lahun. The rearing cobra, known as a uraeus, was a symbol of royalty, worn at the forehead. This piece was thus likely part of a headdress or crown. It was believed that the uraeus was the Goddess Wadjet of Upper Egypt in the form of a cobra, and that it would spit fire at enemies.

Golden Uraeus of Senusret II. Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 46694
Golden Uraeus of Senusret II. Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 46694

The golden uraeus of Senusret II is of solid gold, 6.7 cm (2.6 in), black eyes of granite, a snake head of deep ultramarine lapis lazuli, the flared cobra hood of dark carnelian inlays, and inlays of amazonite. For mounting on the king’s crown, two loops in the rear-supporting tail of the cobra provide the attachment points.

The golden uraeus of Senusret II was discovered by Flinders Petrie in 1920 during his excavations around the Pyramid of Senusret II at Lahun.
The golden uraeus of Senusret II was discovered by Flinders Petrie in 1920 during his excavations around the Pyramid of Senusret II at Lahun.

Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, reign of Senusret II, ca. 1897-1878. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 46694

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