Gold Vase with Cartouches of Psusennes I and Henuttawy
This gold vase or bowl of Psusennes I with carved stripes on the body reveals the fine taste and skills of the craftsmen of the period. It bears four cartouches engraved on it, saying “The Adoratress of Hathor Henuttawy, Mother Divine of Khonsu, Aakheperre chosen of Amun, Psusennes beloved of Amun.”
It is unclear if Henuttawy refers to his mother or another one of his wives/sisters. It is a ceremonial vessel made of gold and was discovered in the tomb of King Psusennes I, who ruled during the Third Intermediate Period of ancient Egypt.
The vase is intricately decorated with detailed engravings and hieroglyphic inscriptions, showcasing the craftsmanship and artistic skills of the time. It is believed to have been used in religious rituals or as a symbol of the king’s wealth and power.
Related: Votive Pomegranate Vase
During the 21st Dynasty of ancient Egypt, gold vases were highly valued and sought after. The 21st Dynasty, which lasted from around 1069-945 BC, was a period characterized by political instability and foreign invasions.
Despite these challenges, the production of luxury items, including gold vases, continued. Gold vases from this period were often crafted with intricate designs and exquisite craftsmanship. They were considered symbols of wealth, status, and luxury.
These vases were typically used for ceremonial purposes, such as offerings to deities or as prestigious gifts to important individuals.
The 21st Dynasty saw a continuation of the artistic traditions of earlier periods, with gold vases reflecting the influence of both Egyptian and foreign styles. These vases were often decorated with scenes from mythology, religious motifs, or intricate patterns.
While some gold vases from the 21st Dynasty have survived and can be found in museum collections today, many have been lost to time or looting.
Nonetheless, the existence and significance of gold vases during this period highlight the enduring fascination with luxury and craftsmanship in ancient Egyptian culture.
The discovery of the gold vase of Psusennes I provided valuable insights into the funerary practices and material culture of ancient Egypt for its beauty and historical significance.
Third Intermediate Period, 21st Dynasty, reign of Psusennes I, ca. 1047-1001 BC. From the Tomb of Psusennes I, NRT III, Tanis. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 85896