Gold Amulet of the God Nefertem
Gold amulet in the form of Nefertem or Nefertum, he is often defined as the god of perfumes but this association is secondary. He was, in fact, first and foremost, the young god of the lotus bud that emerged from the primordial waters, according to the Egyptian myth, and from which the sun was born.
Nefertem therefore not only identified with the blue lotus (Nymphaea caerulea) but also with the sun god that emerged from it, and its association with Re is quite common. The god of perfume, Nefertem or Nefertum, was also a god of healing who was said to have eased the suffering of the aging sun god Re with a bouquet of sacred lotus.
In the Pyramid Texts it is called “the lotus blossom in front of Re’s nose”, showing how its association with scents started quite early in time. Its headgear is characteristic of him: a lotus flower with two feathers and counterweights for the necklace.
The most highly prized perfumes of the ancient world came from Egypt. The most popular were Susinum (a perfume based on lily, myrrh, cinnamon), Cyprinum (based upon henna, cardamom, cinnamon, myrrh and southernwood) and Mendesian (myrrh and cassia with assorted gums and resins).
New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, ca. 1292-1189 BC. Now in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. AC1992.152.48