Funeral Shroud of Anubis and Osiris
Funeral shroud depicts Anubis and Osiris with the deceased, from 2nd Century CE Roman Egypt. Greco-Roman mummy cases and shrouds were often painted with images reflecting pharaonic religious beliefs about the hereafter but adapted to suit the prevailing Greco-Roman style.
Egyptian divinities of the afterlife feature prominently, and include some or all of the following: Osiris, god of the afterlife and the underworld; his sisters Isis (also his wife) and Nephthys, also considered a protector of the dead.
The preservation of the body was crucial because ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife where the soul would need its physical form. Mummies were seen as vessels for the soul to continue its existence in the afterlife.
In some versions of ancient Egyptian religious beliefs Anubis assisted in the mummification and rebirth of the god Osiris. This responsibility for mummification and eventual rebirth is the same role Anubis fulfills for the human dead.
Anubis, the jackal or jackal-headed god is also often shown as patron of the mummification process and responsible for delivering the soul of the deceased into the kingdom of Osiris.
The falcon god Horus often makes an appearance too. The Greco-Roman tradition had no problem about mixing in classical motifs.
So in addition to representations of the Egyptian funerary gods, shrouds and mummy cases might depict figures in Roman dress.
Greek elements might be included too: pomegranates, boughs of myrtle and rose, and kraters or goblets of wine, all alluding to eternal life in Greek iconography.
On this Roman Period Egyptian shroud, the deceased in the center is dressed in Roman style, flanked to the right by the Egyptian deity Anubis.
Funeral shroud from 2nd Century CE Roman Egypt. Now in the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow.