This diadem, or royal headband, is formed of a series of horizontal and vertical decorations made of gold with inlays of semiprecious stones and glass paste. Each horizontal element is composed of a rosette flanked by two bell-shaped flowers heavily inlaid with carnelian, turquoise, and lapis lazuli. This decoration is repeated eight times. Two delicate ornaments were applied to the front and back of the diadem. The first is the branch of a tree.
It is formed with a small gold tube onto which gold leaves were fused alternating with small flowers. The second ornament depicts the vulture goddess, Nekhbet, with her wings outspread as a sign of protection. She has two Shen signs, which symbolize eternity, gripped in her talons.
Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, reign of Amenemhat II, ca. 1932-1898 BC. Gold, semi-precious stones and glass paste. From the Tomb of Khenmet, Funerary Complex of Amenemhat II at Dahshur. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 31105,6,12