Cartouche of Senusret I
Bas relief depicts the royal cartouche of Senusret I (Kheperkare, The Ka of Re is created).
The cartouche is nothing more than the elongated shape of the circular sign “shen”, which was most probably the symbol of the solar disk. It was exclusively used for the name of the king, protecting him and functioning almost as a magical barrier.
In ancient Egypt, amulets in the form of cartouches had the same function: used both for the living and for the deceased, they ensured their eternal protection.
Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, reign of Senusret I, ca. 1971-1926 BC. The White Chapel of Senusret I, Karnak Temple Complex, Luxor.