Artifacts

Ancient Egypt is renowned for its rich and diverse collection of artifacts, which provide valuable insights into the civilization’s history, culture, and daily life. These are just a few examples of the vast array of artifacts that have been unearthed in ancient Egypt. They provide invaluable insights into the beliefs, practices, and achievements of this remarkable civilization.

Irukakhufu

Irukakhufu was an Old Kingdom man who held many titles including, “Royal Acquaintance“, “(Royal) Wab-Priest” and “Overseer of the Pyramid-town of Khufu“. Discovered within the serdab of tomb at the Western Cemetery in Giza, known as Lepsius 21, the statue depicts a man in scribe form, who is believed to be Irukakhufu. Two large offering...

Trial pieces

Ostracon are various shards of limestone and/or pottery, which were used by Ancient Egyptian artisans and scribes as a tablet. The term osatracon however, is not just used for the study of Egyptology, but used by historians studying the geographical regions of various other ancient cultures too. These fragmentary pieces have provided vast amounts of...

Hathor Tunic

Hathor Tunic

Thought to be from Deir el-Bahari at Thebes, this tunic depicts the goddess Hathor in cow form, emerging from the mountain of the West with the solar disc between her horns, along with the double plume. Hieroglyphs write; “Hathor foremost of Thebes, Lady of Heaven, Mistress of the Gods“. The collar is designed with a...

Relief of Queen Tiye

This sandstone fragment depicts the Great Royal Wife of Amenhotep III, Queen Tiye. She wears the vulture headdress, and double plum (also known as the shuti, a two-feather adornment for crowns). Discovered at Kom el-Hettân, also known as the remnants of the Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III, the famous location of the legendary Colossi of...

Coptic kohl vessel

This greystone square shape vessel was used to hold kohl. Along the sides, a design of what is said to be temples. This piece was sold at an auction by a Private East Coast collection, via the Palmyra Heritage Gallery in New York City, and dates from between the 2nd and 5th Century A.D. Kohl...

Vessel in the form of a nursing woman

Made from red fired clay, this jug depicts a woman nursing a baby. Based upon the medical-magical texts, it is believed this jug would hold milk for the mother and newborn. The baby has the traditional “side lock of youth“, a plait of long hair on an otherwise bald or shortly cropped head of hair,...

Ushabti for Lady Anhai

Ushabti for Lady Anhai

An Egyptian wood painted ushabti for lady Anhai, the chantress of Amun. There is a scene in the Book of the Dead where Anubis is found weighing the heart of a priestess named lady Anhai. The image is striking because it shows the young Anhai as she is being led to the afterworld even though...

Cartonnage Mummy Mask of a Woman

This mummy mask of a woman dates from the 11th Dynasty, around 2000 B.C. The woman is adorned in a usekh collar, headband with exposed breasts. Her eyes and brows are lined with blue. She wears a heavy wig of black hair and her skin is painted yellow. Most notably about this mummy mask are...

Temple lintel of King Amenemhat III

Temple lintel of King Amenemhat III

Royal temple lintel of Amenemhat III: a rectangular limestone raised relief from a temple door lintel. The text is arranged symmetrically, with the central cartouche placed over the axis of the doorway. The text cannot be deciphered into a single sentence, since the elements are arranged according to heraldic rather than linguistic principles. In the...