Mosaic of Anubis in Tunisia
Anubis in Roman garb appears on a mosaic titled after the November month, discovered in Tunisia.
This mosaic is currently on display at the Musée archéologique de Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia.
In some versions of ancient Egyptian religious beliefs Anubis assisted in the mummification and rebirth of the god Osiris. This responsibility for mummification and eventual rebirth is the same role Anubis fulfills for the human dead.
Anubis is the Greek name of a jackal-headed god associated with mummification and the afterlife in ancient Egyptian mythology.
Like many ancient Egyptian deities, Anubis assumed different roles in various contexts. Depicted as a protector of graves as early as the 1st Dynasty (ca. 3100-2890 BC).
Anubis was also an embalmer. One of his prominent roles was as a god who ushered souls into the afterlife. He was represented as a black dog or in a hybrid form with the head of a dog and the body of a man.
Anubis was the lord of the necropolis and oversaw embalming rites; he was also responsible for guiding the dead to the Underworld and presenting them before Osiris for the weighing of the soul. During the funerary ceremonies, the role of the god was interpreted by a priest who wore the mask of a jackal.