Ameneminet presents a libation offering

A detail of a wall painting depicts Ameneminet presenting a libation offering to Amenhotep III & Queen Tiye. Ameneminet was an Ancient Egyptian priest, who worked in dedication to the deity Ptah-Sokar, at Amenhotep III’s Temple of Millions of Years.

A detail of a wall painting depicts Ameneminet presents a libation offering to Amenhotep III & Queen Tiye.
A detail of a wall painting depicts Ameneminet presents a libation offering to Amenhotep III & Queen Tiye.
“The Lord of crownings, Amenhotep, sovereign of Thebes, the master of the Two Lands, Neb-Maat-Re-Setepenre”
“The mistress of the Two Lands, Tiye”

Tomb of Ameneminet (TT277), Qurnet-Murai, Theban necropolis
New Kingdom, 19th-20th Dynasty, c. 1295–1170 B.C.
Photograph by manna4u

Ritual Libation in Ancient Egypt

Ritual libation was an important practice in ancient Egypt. It involved the pouring of liquid offerings, such as water, wine, milk, or oils, as a way to communicate with and honor the gods and goddesses. These libations were typically poured onto altars or into special vessels during religious ceremonies and rituals.

Libations were an integral part of temple rituals, funerary rites, and personal worship. They were believed to nourish and sustain the deities, as well as establish a connection between the human and divine realms. The act of pouring the libation was accompanied by prayers, incantations, and gestures to invoke the presence and blessings of the gods.

The choice of liquid for the libation varied depending on the deity being honored and the specific ritual context. Wine was a common offering, symbolizing joy and abundance. Water represented purity and rejuvenation. Milk was associated with fertility and nourishment. Oils, such as perfumed oils, were used for their aromatic qualities and as a means of purification.

Ritual libations played a significant role in ancient Egyptian religious practices, serving as a means of communication, devotion, and establishing a connection between the human and divine realms.