Alabaster Perfume Vase of King Tutankhamun

This vase is made of four pieces of alabaster cemented together. The idea conveyed by its symbolism is that the Nile will provide the king and queen, whose names are inscribed on the vase, with its contents. The vulture with the so-called Atef crown on its head represents either goddess Mut or Nekhbet protecting the perfume. 

Alabaster Perfume Vase of King Tutankhamun
Alabaster Perfume Vase of King Tutankhamun

Flanking the vase are two deities with pendulous breasts and potbellies, both named Hapi, who personify the Nile and its fertility. They are differentiated by the lily and papyrus clusters on their heads as Hapi of Upper Egypt and Hapi of Lower Egypt, representing the sema-tawy symbol, unification of the kingdom.

From the tomb of Tutankhamun (KV62), Valley of the Kings, West Thebes. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 62114

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